The advancement of drone technology is a good phenomenon, but we seem to be finding more drones flying unregulated near airports, which will bring serious aerial hazards. Therefore, in order to maintain airport safety, it is necessary to deploy drone detection and drone interference equipment near the airport.
When detecting and monitoring drones at airports, it is necessary to adopt available drone detection technologies, clarify possible limitations of drone detection, and understand the applicability of laws and regulations.
When drone jammers are used at airports that are not authorized by the FAA, the only available countermeasures that airports can use against unauthorized drones are technologies that can detect drones and drone pilots and analyze data and identify risks.
Common ways to detect drones at airports
Airports can deploy radar systems to monitor and track drone flight activity. Radar systems can detect the presence of drones and provide information such as their location, speed and altitude. Radar can be used to monitor the airspace around airports and detect potential drone intrusions in a timely manner.
Visual monitoring system
Using cameras and image analysis technology, airports can install visual surveillance systems to identify and track drones. These systems can automatically detect and alert drones by analyzing their appearance and flight behavior.
Thermal imaging technology
Thermal imaging technology can detect the presence of drones through the heat they emit. Airports can use thermal imaging cameras or thermal sensors to scan surrounding areas for unusual heat sources, possibly the presence of drones.
Radio spectrum monitoring
Drones often use radio communications for control and data transmission. Airports can use radio spectrum monitoring equipment to detect radio signals emitted by drones to determine their location and the presence of their operators.
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Protective shields and physical barriers
Airports can set up protective shields or physical barriers to restrict drones from entering sensitive areas or directly approaching flight areas. For example, installing mesh shields or using spherical shields can prevent drones from approaching runways and control towers.
Counter drone system
Airports can deploy specialized anti-drone systems to interfere with or interrupt the communication and navigation signals of drones, causing them to lose control or lose navigation. These systems may include electromagnetic interference devices, equipment that interferes with radio signals, or laser jammers.
Drone detection provides airports with situational awareness to better respond to drone risks, assess risk levels and make real-time decisions regarding airport and runway safety. At the same time, airports must comply with relevant regulations when conducting safety inspections of drones and ensure that they do not interfere with normal aviation activities.